Gender norms and biases continue to constrain human potential around the world. J-PAL’s Gender sector produces cross-cutting insights on promoting gender equality and women and girls’ empowerment, and on how norms related to gender affect the outcomes of social programs.

In addition to supporting policymakers in applying evidence from randomized evaluations to their work, sector chairs and staff write policy insights that synthesize general lessons emerging from the research and condense results from evaluations in policy publications and evaluation summaries

A smiling woman stands in the center of a group of other women.
Policy Publication

Enhancing Women’s Agency: Cross-Cutting Lessons From Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Studies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This Evidence Review highlights key research findings on evidence that cuts across multiple domains of women’s agency and identifies research questions that remain to be answered.

A woman stands in the middle of a circle of women.

What Works to Enhance Women’s Agency

This literature review draws from 160 randomized and natural experiments in low and middle-income countries to distill key lessons on what we know about supporting women’s agency based on quantitative evidence. 

A smiling woman stands in the center of a group of other women.

What works to enhance women’s agency: Lessons from a new literature review

In honor of International Women’s Day this week, we are highlighting insights from a new literature review of the most effective approaches to improving women's agency and sharing ideas for further research. 

A woman harvesting peas

Launching a practical guide to measuring women's and girls’ empowerment

J-PAL’s newest research resource, A Practical Guide to Measuring Women's and Girls’ Empowerment in Impact Evaluations, gathers insights from the experiences of J-PAL affiliated researchers around the world and offers practical tips for how to measure women's and girls’ empowerment in impact...
Political posters in India
Policy Insight

Improving women’s representation in politics through gender quotas

Gender quotas for women in local government bodies can improve women’s representation in politics, increase provision of public services, and improve perceptions of women as leaders.


What does women’s labor force participation really tell us about women’s empowerment?

Women continue to participate in the labor market—or as non-economists would put it, “work”—at different rates than men.

Sector Chairs

Headshot of Seema Jayachandran

Chair/Chaire, Gender

Professor of Economics and Public Affairs

Princeton University

Sector Contacts

Headshot of Carmen Hernandez Ruiz

Senior Policy Associate, J-PAL Global

Headshot of Megan Morris

Policy Manager, J-PAL Global

Associate Director of Policy, J-PAL Global

Headshot of Diana Warira

Policy Manager, J-PAL Global