Policy Insights in Gender
J-PAL’s Gender sector focuses on reducing gender inequality, promoting women and girls’ empowerment, and understanding how social norms related to gender affect the outcomes of development programs. Our policy insights summarize the general lessons emerging from randomized evaluations on the impact of gender quotas on women’s political representation and service delivery and the impact of school participation interventions on girls’ school enrollment and attendance.
— Lori Beaman (Northwestern University) and Seema Jayachandran (Princeton University), Gender Co-Chairs
Access to childcare to improve women’s economic empowerment
Last updated: février 2023
Access to childcare can increase women’s employment outcomes by enabling their labor force participation, shift to more desirable work, or increase the productivity in their businesses. However, in cases where there are additional barriers to working outside the home, childcare may not be sufficient...
The impacts of economic interventions on intimate partner violence
Last updated: juillet 2022
An estimated one in every three women worldwide has suffered physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner in her lifetime. Achieving gender equality and eliminating violence against women are major global development goals. One popular strategy to reduce IPV is to increase women’s access to...
Designing financial services and social protection programs to enhance women’s economic empowerment
Last updated: février 2021
Providing women in low- and middle-income countries with financial resources or financial services did not consistently lead to economic empowerment if women were unable to maintain control over the use of funds within their households. Financial inclusion and social protection programs should...
Biomass cookstoves to reduce indoor air pollution and fuel use
Last updated: octobre 2020
Despite their positive results in the lab, biomass cookstoves designed to reduce smoke exposure and/or increase fuel efficiency did not substantially improve health in several randomized evaluations in the real world. Many people did not want to buy or maintain them, did not use them enough, and...
Reducing adolescent pregnancy by increasing educational and economic opportunities in low- and middle-income countries
Last updated: janvier 2019
Interventions that changed perceptions about girls’ abilities and opportunities or increased the educational and economic opportunities available to them encouraged girls and young women to delay pregnancy.
Improving women’s representation in politics through gender quotas
Last updated: avril 2018
Gender quotas for women in local government bodies can improve women’s representation in politics, increase provision of public services, and improve perceptions of women as leaders.
Improving student learning: Impacts by gender
Last updated: février 2022
Most programs to improve student learning have similar impacts on girls and boys. However, policymakers should consider potential different effects by gender while designing programs since, in some cases, program design choices led to different impacts on girls and boys.
Participation scolaire Malgré l’augmentation spectaculaire des taux de scolarisation en primaire dans le monde entier, des poches de faible scolarisation persistent et des millions d’enfants inscrits ne vont pas à l’école régulièrement. Des stratégies visant à réduire les coûts financiers et non financiers de la scolarité ou à augmenter les avantages perçus de la participation scolaire se sont révélées particulièrement efficaces.
Augmenter le taux de scolarisation et l’assiduité scolaire: impacts selon le genre
Last updated: février 2019
Réduire le coût de la scolarité et mieux sensibiliser la population aux bienfaits de l’éducation permet d’augmenter la participation scolaire des garçons et des filles. Les programmes les plus efficaces ont tendance à bénéficier tout particulièrement au genre dont l’assiduité est initialement la...