Political Economy & Governance
Governments around the world spend billions of dollars every year to provide citizens with basic services. But the effectiveness of public spending can be compromised by policies that do not reflect the needs or wishes of citizens, losses and inefficiencies due to corruption, limited oversight of public spending, and poor performance of civil servants.
J-PAL affiliates' research in this sector includes studies on how to increase political participation and hold politicians more accountable to citizens, how to reduce corruption in service delivery, and how to use recruitment, monitoring, and incentives to improve government performance.
In addition to supporting policymakers in applying evidence from randomized evaluations to their work, J-PAL’s Political Economy and Governance sector chairs and staff write policy insights that synthesize general lessons emerging from the research, condense results from evaluations in policy publications and evaluation summaries, and fund new research through the Governance Initiative to answer critical policy-relevant questions.
Gender quotas for women in local government bodies can improve women’s representation in politics, increase provision of public services, and improve perceptions of women as leaders.
In the news
A study by J-PAL affiliates on Pakistan’s civil servants showed that incentivizing officers with a posting of their own choice remarkably improved their performance.
Evidence from a randomized evaluation informed the scale-up of a pollution audit policy in Gujarat, India.
In the news
J-PAL South Asia staff Sohini Mookherjee and Arindam Banerjee discuss evidence from J-PAL affiliates which found that women leaders positively impact policy decisions and rise aspirations among teenage girls.
Researchers conducted a randomized evaluation to test the impact of an all-expense-paid three-day leadership training workshop on incentivizing honest and competent youth to run for a village youth council.
Central and state governments in India have adopted a financial reform to enhance public service delivery informed by evidence.
In the news
J-PAL's Government Partnership Initiative helps governments evaluate policies, scale up successful ones, and build an internal culture of evidence-informed decision making.