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Search our database of 995 randomized evaluations conducted by our affiliates in 84 countries. To browse summaries of key policy recommendations from a subset of these evaluations, visit the Policy Publications tab.

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woman holding a diaphragm

Education, Gender

Menstruation and Education in Nepal

Rebecca Thornton , Emily Oster

Researchers introduced a convenient and hygienic sanitary product, reusable menstrual cups, to Nepalese girls in the seventh and eighth grades. Their evaluation addressed several questions: Is menstruation as large a barrier to education as many believe? Does switching to modern sanitary products increase attendance and school performance among girls? Results showed that girls in Nepal missed...

DNA swab of saliva taken from woman


The Demand for and Impact of Learning HIV Status in Malawi

Rebecca Thornton , Susan Godlonton, Nicole Angotti, Agatha Bula, Lauren Gaydosh, Sara Yeatman, Eitan Zeev Kimchi

While even very small incentives encouraged people to return for their HIV test results, rapid testing in the home had the greatest impact on program take-up. However, for most people, learning status did not substantially change their behavior.

Indian boy on school room floor


Balsakhi Remedial Tutoring in Vadodara and Mumbai, India

Researchers evaluated the impact of the Balsakhi Program, a remedial tutoring education intervention implemented in schools in Vadodara and Mumbai, India, on student learning. The program significantly improved student test scores in both locations.

Résumés were randomly assigned black- or white-sounding names. Researchers examined the impact of the name on callbacks.

Labor Markets

Discrimination in the Job Market in the United States

Researchers examined the level of racial discrimination in the United States labor market by randomly assigning identical résumés black-sounding or white-sounding names and observing the impact on requests for interviews from employers. Results found that résumés with white-sounding names received 50 percent more callbacks than those with black-sounding names, indicating that, all other things...

Teenage school girls participate in an HIV/AIDS prevention program in Kenya.

Education, Health, Gender

HIV/AIDS Prevention Through Relative Risk Information for Teenage Girls in Kenya

Information about the relative risks of having sexual relations with older men is an effective way of discouraging unsafe sex among adolescents in Kenya.

Boy writes sums on chalkboard


Encouraging Teacher Attendance through Monitoring with Cameras in Rural Udaipur, India

Esther Duflo, Rema Hanna , Stephen Ryan

This study estimated the effect of financial incentives on teacher attendance on students' attendance and math and language levels. The incentives increased teacher attendance and teaching time, and student test scores rose as a result.