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Search our database of 994 randomized evaluations conducted by our affiliates in 84 countries. To browse summaries of key policy recommendations from a subset of these evaluations, visit the Policy Publications tab.

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A program applicant taking a proxy means test.

Political Economy & Governance

Improving Targeting of a Conditional Cash Transfer Program in Indonesia

Abhijit Banerjee, Benjamin A. Olken, Rema Hanna , Vivi Alatas, Ririn Purnamasari, Matthew Wai-Poi

Governments frequently struggle to ensure that social programs reach the people they intend to support. Researchers conducted a randomized evaluation with the Indonesian government that compared self-targeting to automatic screening in the context of a conditional cash transfer program. Requiring households to apply for a cash transfer program in Indonesia discouraged rich households from seeking...

Political Economy & Governance

Local Elites and Targeted Social Programs in Indonesia

Abhijit Banerjee, Benjamin A. Olken, Rema Hanna , Vivi Alatas, Ririn Purnamasari, Matthew Wai-Poi

Researchers conducted a randomized evaluation to study the impact of elite capture in a conditional cash transfer program in Indonesia.

Still from animated commercial on family with social protection identification card

Political Economy & Governance

Improving the Transparency and Delivery of a Subsidized Rice Program in Indonesia

Abhijit Banerjee, Benjamin A. Olken, Rema Hanna , Jordan Kyle Cohen, Sudarno Sumarto

Within Indonesia’s national subsidized rice program, researchers tested whether increasing program transparency or giving villages the option to privatize rice distribution could reduce leakages and increase the subsidy that eligible households received. Providing program information on ID cards substantially increased the subsidy eligible households received.

Political Economy & Governance

Combating Vote-Selling in the Philippines

Dean Yang , Allen Hicken, Stephen Leider, Nico Ravanilla

Vote-buying and vote-selling can obstruct the democratic process, yet they remain pervasive in many developing democracies. When researchers asked voters in the Philippines to make a simple, unenforceable promise not to accept money from politicians or to promise to vote according to their conscience, even if they do accept money, they found that a majority of respondents made promises not to...

Smiling men in a market in the Philippines


Financial Education vs. Access to Finance Among Filipino Migrants

Dean Yang , Rashmi Barua, Paolo Abarcar

International remittances are an important financial tool for many developing countries, and many organizations offer financial products or financial education services to help families manage the remittances they receive. Researchers provided families with financial products and financial education in the Philippines to test whether the two services influenced each other. They found that...