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Search our database of 994 randomized evaluations conducted by our affiliates in 84 countries. To browse summaries of key policy recommendations from a subset of these evaluations, visit the Policy Publications tab.

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Education, Political Economy & Governance

Peer Effects, Pupil-Teacher Ratios, and Teacher Incentives in Kenya

Researchers evaluated three interventions that addressed the large class sizes and heterogeneity in student preparation in the Kenyan school system. They found that hiring additional local contract teachers helped reduce classroom overcrowding and improved student learning outcomes.

Education, Political Economy & Governance

Primary Education Management in Madagascar

Paul Glewwe , Trang Van Nguyen, Gerard Lassibille, Eugenie W. H. Maïga, Jee-Peng Tan, Cornelia Jesse

In Madagascar, researchers conducted a randomized evaluation to examine the relative impact of district-level ("top-down"), subdistrict-level, and school-level ("bottom-up") interventions on teacher behavior and student test scores. Results show that intervening at the district or subdistrict levels had minimal impact, while intervening at the school level significantly improved student test...

Dirt road in rural area with piles of rocks along edges

Political Economy & Governance

Combating Corruption in Community Development in Indonesia

Top-down audits effectively reduced corruption in Indonesian village road projects, but community-level monitoring had no effect unless pains were taken to prevent control by elites.

Political Economy & Governance

Direct Democracy and Local Public Goods in Indonesia

Choosing local infrastructure projects by direct election, rather than through representatives, had a small effect on the types of projects selected but a large impact on citizen satisfaction in Indonesia.